Updates on the Impact of COVID-19 on Intellectual Property Law Practice and Procedures  

 

Last Updated: July 28, 2020

As a service to our clients and colleagues, we are tracking the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on intellectual property and related practices. Following are updates from the United States Patent & Trademark Office (USPTO), the Copyright Office, our local state and federal courts, the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit, the European Patent Office (EPO), the European Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).

Please bookmark this page, which we will update as developments occur.

Disclaimer:  This general information is being provided as a courtesy, and should not be taken as legal advice. The response to COVID-19 is changing daily, so please consult with an attorney regarding any extended deadlines or other provisions of law that may be affected by the current situation.

 

United States Patent & Trademark Office (USPTO)

Examiners at the USPTO continue to work remotely, but the office remains closed to the public. All examiner interviews and proceedings are being conducted by telephone or video conferencing. The USPTO has released a FAQ concerning how its operations have changed as a result of the pandemic.

The USPTO has launched a COVID-19 Response Resource Center to provide information about its programs and other relief offered to those affected by the pandemic.

Patent

The CARES Act has given the USPTO temporary authority to extend deadlines set by statute. Accordingly, most patent prosecution deadlines, and certain other deadlines, falling between March 27 and May 31, 2020, will be extended to September 30, 2020, for small and micro entities if the filing is accompanied by a statement that the delay in filing was “caused by” the COVID-19 outbreak, defined as a person involved with the filing being “personally affected.” The statement need not be verified in a declaration or affidavit. The patent and trademark guidelines give examples in which a practitioner, applicant, or inventor is faced with such situations as personal or family illness, office closures, inaccessibility of files, or cash flow interruptions. Large entities can seek relief on a case-by-case basis by filing a petition for an extension of time or a petition to revive.

Under its new COVID-19 Prioritized Examination Pilot Programthe USPTO will grant prioritized exams to up to 500 applications filed by small or micro entity applicants who claim a product or process subject to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval for use in the prevention and/or treatment of COVID-19. No prioritized examination fees will be due. The USPTO’s goal is to reach the final disposition of these prioritized applications within six months.

The USPTO will waive fees for all entities for petitions to revive following missed deadlines through June 30, 2020, in some situations, accompanied by a statement that the delay in filing was “caused by” the COVID-19 outbreak. The USPTO has also temporarily waived the requirement for original handwritten signatures in situations where they are ordinarily necessary and is temporarily permitting electronic filing of initial patent term extension applications.

The USPTO has also extended the two-month time-period for restoring the right of priority to or for the benefit of a foreign or provisional application for any nonprovisional application due to be filed on or after March 27, 2020, but on or before July 30, 2020.

Trademark

Applicants who were unable to submit a timely response or fee in response to an Office Action should file a petition to revive the application. Applicants who missed the 36-month statutory deadline for filing a Statement of Use should file a Petition to the Director. Registrants who missed a statutory deadline resulting in a canceled or expired registration, or who were unable to submit a timely response or fee in response to a post-registration Office Action, should file a Petition to the Director. The USPTO will waive fees for these petitions through June 30, 2020, with a statement that the delay in filing was “caused by” the COVID-19 outbreak.

For TTAB proceedings, a party that has been prevented by the COVID-19 outbreak from making a filing may file a request (in ex parte appeals) or motion (in trial cases) for an extension or reopening of time as appropriate.

The USPTO has announced it is accepting petitions to advance the initial examination of applications for marks used to identify qualifying COVID-19 medical products and services. Additionally, the USPTO will waive the fee for such petitions.

Copyright Office

Acting under the CARES Act, the Copyright Office has adjusted or waived certain deadlines set by statute. In particular:

  • A copyright owner who is unable to submit a required physical deposit with their application may submit the application along with a statement that the physical deposit cannot be submitted due to, for example, inaccessibility of the deposit or the applicant being under a stay-at-home order. In some cases, an electronic deposit may now be accepted where a physical deposit was previously required.
  • An applicant who is unable to submit an electronic application during the outbreak can toll the three-month window of Section 412 if they submit an application within thirty days after the end of the disruption, accompanied by a statement that the Applicant was unable to complete the filing due to the COVID-19 outbreak due to, for example, an inability to access the Internet or the required application materials.
  • The requirements to provide notices of intention, statements of account and associated royalty payments on compulsory licenses relating to phonorecords will be tolled if an individual or entity who previously made such filings by paper sends a declaration that it cannot do so due to the pandemic.

 

U.S. Supreme Court

The Court postponed both of its April oral argument sessions and held oral arguments in ten cases by teleconference on May 4th and May 12th. Oral arguments in other cases have been delayed until the fall.

The Court has also extended the deadline to file any petition for a writ of certiorari due on or after March 19, 2020, to 150 days from the date of the lower court judgment, order denying discretionary review, or order denying a timely petition for rehearing.  The Court further indicated that motions for extensions of time on the grounds of difficulties relating to COVID-19 would be granted as a matter of course, so long as the length of the extension sought was reasonable.

 

Federal Circuit Court of Appeals

All in-person arguments are suspended. Cases for the June session will be argued telephonically unless the Court determines that oral argument is unnecessary.

The Federal Circuit has specifically indicated that despite the epidemic, all deadlines remain in place. In-person oral arguments, however, are suspended until further notice. Most business before the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit (CAFC) can be carried out using their electronic filing system. The CAFC Clerk’s Office has issued new guidance on how counsel may accomplish physical service of papers where required. First, it encourages planning ahead to have someone in the office or working remotely handle the printing and mailing of such documents to avoid delay. If that is not possible, a motion may be made to delay the service of process. It should be noted that delaying service may impact responsive deadlines that are calculated from the date of service not filing.

First Circuit Court of Appeals

Oral arguments for the June and July 2020 session will be held by videoconference, with live audio available to the public.  Appendices to briefs will not be accepted in paper form, but must instead be tendered electronically.

Local Federal Courts

All of New England’s Federal District Courts have issued orders regarding the COVID-19 outbreak, which generally run along the same lines. All but the District of Vermont have allowed bench trials to proceed or be stayed at the discretion of individual judges. The courts have also ordered the following schedule changes:

 

            Federal District Courts:

  1. Massachusetts
    • All jury trials scheduled to begin on or before September 8, 2020, are continued indefinitely;
    • A limited number of in-person non-jury proceedings may now take place where further delay might harm the interests of justice and the law does not permit video proceedings or requisite consents cannot be obtained; proceedings shall be conducted by video in all other circumstances;
    • Trial-specific deadlines to remain or be continued at the discretion of the individual judges;
    • Effective May 7, 2020, magistrate and Senior Judges are free to schedule and conduct mediations in civil proceedings in accordance with the normal practices of the Court.  All such mediations shall occur only by video or telephone conference.
    • Public counter hours reduced to 9:00 am – 2:00 pm.
  2. Maine
    • All jury trials to begin in July, August, and September continued indefinitely
    • Court deadlines remain in effect, and are not extended or suspended;
    • Court offices closed to the public other than by appointment; the clerk’s office available by phone.
  3. New Hampshire
    • All civil jury trials and pre-trial conferences for the same scheduled to begin before October 1 are continued indefinitely;
    • All scheduled in-person court-sponsored or conducted mediations are continued until further order;
    • All civil and criminal hearings scheduled before August 1 are to be continued or rescheduled to occur telephonically or by videoconference or by an in-court hearing at the discretion of the judge;
    • Filings may be made by email to the court at ecfintake@nhd.uscourts.gov by those without access or authorization to the court’s electronic filing system.
  4. Vermont
    • All civil trials, jury or bench, will resume after September 1, 2020, at the presiding judge’s discretion.
    • At the discretion of individual judges, in-person hearings may resume on a limited basis in Burlington after May 25th and in Rutland after June 8th, although hearings will be conducted by video or telephone where possible.
    • Jury trials will not be scheduled before September 1st unless the presiding judge determines otherwise.
  5. Rhode Island
    • All in-person civil matters through June 30, 2020, are canceled.
    • All jury trials are continued to September 2020.
    • Courthouses are closed to the public for several months, possibly until September. Proceedings will take place by telephone or video conference where possible.
    • Depositions in civil cases are to be conducted by remote video means absent a court order to the contrary.
  6. Connecticut
    • All civil and criminal jury trials through September 1st are continued indefinitely. Counsel who wishes to propose a case for trial following September 1st should jointly move the court, who may, after considering the interests of justice and the risks to public health in each particular case, may empanel a jury and conduct a trial.  Priority will be given to short civil trials.
    • Individual judges will determine whether to hold non-jury proceedings and whether they will be in-person or video or telephone conference.

Unless otherwise noted above, mediations and conferences are likewise affected. Each of these Federal courts is holding hearings or conferences by telephone or video, though individual judges have the discretion to hold in-person hearings where there are exigent circumstances, such as the need to present in-person evidence or testimony in a hearing seeking injunctive relief.

All of these courts have restricted public access to the courthouses and have staff working remotely to the fullest extent possible.  This has led to closures or limitations on the hours that the clerks’ offices are open to the public.

All of the courts have barred access to anyone who has been diagnosed or been exposed to another who has been diagnosed with the virus, exhibited symptoms of the virus, or been asked to quarantine, and those who have traveled internationally within the preceding 14-day period of time.  Some of the courts have also imposed restrictions on those who were recently in a cruise ship or in a regional pandemic hotspot.

These courts are also generally allowing most papers to be filed electronically, sent by first-class mail, or placed in a dropbox that date-stamps the documents. 

New Hampshire is allowing for filings by e-mail for those without access or authorization to ECF, the courts’ electronic filing system.  Such filings should be sent to ecfintake@nhd.uscourts.gov.  New Hampshire has also specifically indicated that these changes do not impact service, and all papers remain subject to the service requirements already in existence.  The other courts do not specifically address service, and so parties should continue to comply with service requirements of the Federal and local rules.

 

Massachusetts State Courts

All jury trials scheduled to begin before September 4, 2020, are continued to a date not earlier than September 8, 2020.  Judges may begin to schedule bench trials starting on July 13thAffected parties may apply for an exception by motion to the court in which the trial or evidentiary hearing was to occur, but under no circumstances will a jury be empaneled or a jury trial occurs.

All deadlines set forth in statutes, court rules, tracking orders, standing orders or guidelines that expired or will expire between March 16, 2020, and June 1, 2020, are tolled until June 1, 2020, with the number of days remaining between March 16 and the original deadline added to June 1 to arrive at the new deadline.  The same applies to court-ordered deadlines unless specifically ordered otherwise by the applicable court.

Civil Statutes of Limitations are tolled from March 17, 2020, through June 30, 2020.  The tolling shall not be further extended unless there is a new surge in COVID-19 cases.

Deadlines set forth by statute or court rules, orders, or guidelines are tolled until July 1, 2020, unless otherwise ordered by the court.  Injunctions and other orders that enjoined or restrained conduct that were set to expire before June 30, 2020, shall remain in effect until the matter is rescheduled and heard.

Courts of the Commonwealth are to conduct most proceedings virtually. Oaths and affirmations may be administered remotely by telephone, videoconference, or comparable means in any virtual proceeding, except where it would be with constitutional or statutory requirements.

Depositions may be conducted remotely without the need for leave of court or stipulation of the parties.  A witnesses’ desire to appear in person shall not constitute grounds to quash a notice for a remote deposition.

The Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts is requiring that all attorneys of record provide an email address to the court and other parties to allow for electronic service.  Where the date of service of communication triggers a subsequent due date, three additional days are added to the prescribed period.  These rules do not apply to service on a self-represented party unless the party agrees in writing.

Massachusetts state courthouses are presently open to the public for limited purposes (including some in-person proceedings).  Clerk’s register’s and recorder’s offices will also reopen on July 13th while still seeking to conduct business virtually as much as possible. Visitors to the courthouse should bring their own mask, and should not enter the courthouse if they have COVID or symptoms thereof or have been exposed to someone with COVID or who exhibits symptoms of COVID.  All persons seeking entry will be subject to screening, which may include answering a survey on potential COVID exposure and having their temperature taken.  If a person is denied entry due to the screening, the person should contact their attorney, the Clerk’s Office, or the Clerk of the session in which they are to appear. In-person proceedings are expected to expand on August 10th.

 

Remote Online Notarization in Massachusetts

As of April 27, 2020, Massachusetts allows for remote online notarization of signatures.  The notary, all signatories, and any witnesses must be physically present in Massachusetts for the signing, which must be observed in real-time by the notary via videoconference. Government-issued identification must be presented to the video camera when the document is executed, and copies of the identification must be provided to the notary unless the signatory is personally known to the notary. Once executed, the originally-signed document(s) must be delivered to the notary. Documents relating to real estate transactions or estate planning may only be notarized by Massachusetts attorneys.  The authorization of remote online notarization shall remain in effect for the duration of Massachusetts’ COVID-related state of emergency plus three days.

 

International

WIPO will transmit documents only via email until further notice. This change affects patent documents for applications filed under the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) system, as well as trademark and design applications under the Madrid and Hague systems, respectively.

 The European Patent Office (EPO) has issued several new guidelines as follows:

  1. EPO has resumed holding limited oral hearings at the appeals board as of May 15, 2020. The board will contact parties in advance to confirm their ability to attend their hearing.
  2. All oral proceedings in examination and opposition proceedings that were scheduled to take place before September 14 are postponed until further notice unless they were already confirmed to take place by videoconference.
  3. Search, examination, and opposition divisions will continue with their other activities, with interviews in examination to occur by videoconference.  Waivers to allow for in-person oral proceedings may be submitted and will be decided at the sole discretion of the competent division, which will not be appealable.
  4. Where oral proceedings require the taking of direct evidence, they will not be held by videoconference.

European Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO)

The EUIPO has declined to extend time limits beyond the previous extended date of May 18, 2020. Parties that are still affected by the COVID-19 outbreak after that date may request an extension of up until six months, however, and reasoned requests will be granted without detailed justification. Additional extensions may be requested thereafter in the case of exceptional circumstances.

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About Lando & Anastasi, LLP

Founded in 2003, Lando & Anastasi, LLP is a full service, mid-sized boutique intellectual property law firm. We offer creative solutions to protect, expand and leverage our clients’ IP assets. We are trained scientists and engineers who take pride in working collaboratively across practices to best understand the converging technologies of our clients’ businesses. Our practice includes patent prosecution and litigation; opinions and strategic counseling; trade secrets; trademark and copyright prosecution and litigation; post-grant proceedings, and licensing and transactions. We have experience with multinational corporations to venture-funded startups across a broad range of industries.